Indoor Field Hockey vs. Outdoor Field Hockey-What’s the Difference? (Part II)

Hockey is a sport that can be played both indoors and out.

The Rules

Fouls are similar between the two games. The ball cannot hit your feet. Third-party is a foul. You can’t lift at someone’s body unless they’re in front of the goal. The ball has to move a specific distance before going into the circle. No hacking.  

The largest change is that there is no lifting indoor except on goal.  In outdoor, you can “pop” the ball or lift it above someone’s stick to go around them, but not indoor.  Penalty corners are also played somewhat differently. 

In both outdoor and indoor corners, no one can enter the circle until the ball is inserted and the ball has to come out of the circle and brought back in for a goal to count. In outdoor, the defense can only have four players back while the rest of the team is at the 50-yard line. 

The offense can have as many players on the circle as they’d like. With corners for the indoor game, the defense is allowed to have as many players back as they’d like. The offense can have as many lined around the circle as they’d like.

Similarities 

The goal cages are similar sizes. Several of the fouls are the same. The protective equipment is alike. Though the most important thing is it is all fun. Basically, indoor hockey is the same as outdoor field hockey, but on a smaller field. The game is quicker, much smaller, and more controlled due to the limited space and the chance to rebound the ball off the sideboards. 

The game is known to enhance a player’s vision on the field and stick handling skills. If you’ve been playing outdoor field hockey, your skills can simply transfer over to indoor hockey. All you have to do is practice the basics skills.

 

Indoor Field Hockey vs. Outdoor Field Hockey-What’s the Difference? (Part I)

There are many different arenas’s when it comes to hockey.

The Field

Outdoor field hockey fields are made of grass, field turf, or Bermuda grass depending on the location and level of play. Regardless of the composition, all regulation field hockey fields for the outdoor game are played on a 100-yard x 60-yard pitch.  For indoor, the rules stipulate pitch length in the range 36 to 44 meters and width in the range 18 to 22 meters. The surfaces for indoor range from snap tiles, a gymnasium wood floor, linoleum or vinyl.  

The Stick

Both outdoor and indoor sticks come in composite materials as well as wood, and composite allows for better ball control, so we always suggest going with that choice. They also both have the same basic shape as one round side and one flat side. The biggest differences are that the end of the indoor stick is s and thinner and the weight is much lighter. 

In outdoor, it is critical for sticks to be heftier and have a heavier toe to put up with powerful drives and slaps that are critical when playing on a much bigger field.  The skinnier toe of indoor sticks allows for lifts to happen much quicker and easier, and the lightweight makes it simpler to control the ball while keeping a fast pace.

The Team Size and Positions

Due to the pitch size in indoor being way smaller than the outdoor pitch, fewer players are on the court at a time. In outdoor, there are 10 field players plus a goalie for a total of 11 players. In indoor, there are six players (a goalie and five players). Positions differ from team to team, but most outdoor teams consist of three to four forwards, three to four defenders, and three mid-fielders while an indoor team has two defenders, two forwards, and one mid-fielder.  In both games, all players are supposed to move up and down the field with play, particularly indoor since the field is so small.

Unicycle Hockey? Yes, Seriously! (Part II)

Unicycle hockey

Unicycle hockey became a thing throughout the 1900s.

In 1925, in Germany, a silent movie was shown called Variete (Variety). At one point, the black and white grainy film depicts two men riding unicycles. One of the men has a walking stick and the other has a hockey stick.

They each try and move a small towel around that’s been rolled up and put into a ball. It appears as if there are two very small goals that they’re trying to push the towel into. This seems to be the first reference to anything close to unicycle hockey.

35 years went by without any talk of unicycle hockey. However, in August 1960, an article was in The Bicycle Journal where Lloyd W. Smith discusses being a member of The Albuquerque Unicycle Club. He stated that the activities were riding, basketball, racing, and unicycle hockey.

In the meantime, over in Japan, an article appeared in 1971 with a picture where Takafumi Ogasawara is seen playing unicycle hockey with some weird sticks. Back in the US, a couple of years later in 1976, an organization called Wheel People began playing unicycle hockey games in California.

During the 80s, European countries began to play the sport and Germany, specifically, was a very keen early adopter. In 1985 their first team was LAHIMO and stayed their only team until 1990 in which Bremen came to the arena with their Uniwheelers team. Frankfurt followed in 1991 with their RADLOS team which encouraged several other teams to develop rapidly. 

Over in Great Britain, John Dash began to promote the sport to the world after returning from Germany where he played from 1987-88. Teams began to form rapidly in many of the big British cities.

In 1994, Unicycle Hockey participated for the first time in the World Unicycling Championships in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Teams from Canada, Germany, USA, and Puerto Rico participated, and the result was Germany winning. 

Unicycle Hockey Today

Presently, there are unicycle hockey teams all around the globe and the sport is acquiring interest all the time.

 

Unicycle Hockey? Yes, Seriously! (Part I)

Yes, unicycle hockey was a thing.

Unicycle hockey is a sport that is like inline or roller hockey, although played while on a unicycle. There aren’t any records as to when or where the first unicycle hockey game was played. Though, in the 1925 film Variety, the sport was shown.

A unicycle hockey team has five players and substitutes. Though, some clubs don’t have goalkeepers. Substitutes are permitted at any time. It’s not necessary to tell this to the referee. A unicycle hockey court is between 20 to 25 meters wide and 35 to 45 meters in length. It can either have round or bevel corners. This sport can be played indoors or outdoors.

Any sticks legal for ice hockey, but the ones the goalkeeper uses can be used in unicycle hockey. A street hockey or tennis ball can be used. The ruling body for this sport is the International Unicycling Federation. In Germany, the UK, and Switzerland, there are registered unicycle hockey leagues.

Unicycle Hockey History

Today, unicycle hockey is with us on an international level, having national leagues and teams appearing and increasing in numbers every year. Every game is now documented and stored somewhere on the internet. But where it originally emerged from is not so obvious. You have to learn about the history of unicycle hockey.

The Invention of the Unicycle 

In June 1791, a vehicle called a Celerifere was created and displayed to the folks of Paris, by Comte De Sivrac. It was only a piece of wood linked to two wheels. The rider would straddle the wood and move around with his feet. Looking at this now, you’d think that it looked like a child’s toy. A few years later, and the Celerifere started to take on new models frequently with ornate horse heads cut into the front section.

 

Give Inline Hockey a Try!

Inline skates became popular in the 80s.

Scott and Brennan Olson, brothers from Minnesota, are usually credited with restarting roller hockey in the U.S. After finding an old pair of 60s vintage roller skates with wheels in a straight line instead of the 2×2 quad design, they saw the chance for off-season practice. Their efforts ultimately resulted in “rollerblade” inline skates in 1984. 

The Olson brothers’ Rollerblade skates possess high-wear polyurethane skate wheels and excellent ball bearings which radically enhanced the skates’ performance over the slower and more hard -to-maneuver quad skate. Rollerblade skates were clean turning, fast, and smooth. By the late 80s, inline skating had blown up, although first as a form of exercise.

Lucky for brothers Olson, at that same time, ice hockey pro-Wayne Gretzky was at the top of his greatness, reigning the sport, accumulating legendary stats, and getting large television audiences. When the L.A. Kings got Gretzky from the Edmonton Oilers, southern Cali had a new hero who encouraged kids to take up street hockey. Soon enough, the streets of sunny Southern California were filled with rollerbladers right beside the ubiquitous skateboarders.

This phenomenon was not lost on the NHL. Soon other nice weather markets like Dallas, San Jose, Anaheim, and Tampa Bay were creating professional ice hockey teams. The league growth of pro-level franchises into warm-weather territories, linked with the increasing popularity of inline skating, turned out to be a chance mix for roller hockey. By the mid-90s, roller hockey had again taken off in the US with national competitions and numerous leagues.

Roller hockey, while popular worldwide, has had an up-and-down history in the USA, although its popularity is increasing. Given the substantial exposure the NHL has, and the general popularity of inline skating or Rollerblading, inline roller hockey will continue to rise like any exciting and quick-moving sport should.

Roller Hockey Defined (Part II)

Roller hockey began in England in the Late 1800s.

Though roller skates were created in 1760 by John Joseph Merlin, the first roller hockey was probably played in England in 1878 at the Denmark Roller Rink in London. Some sources state that “roller skate hockey” was first played in Kent, England. It didn’t any time for roller hockey to catch on and grow. 

By the 1880s, leagues, and rules of play expanded in cities throughout America’s Midwest. The initial games were played on quad skates and the players utilized curved sticks called “canes,” like today’s field hockey sticks. Team play was made up of players attempting to shoot a roller hockey puck or hockey ball into the goal. The team with the highest number of goals won the game.

Roller Hockey’s Future

In 1924, the Roller Sports Federation was created, and its aim was to standardize and rule international play, with yearly world championships beginning in 1936. Since then, roller hockey has achieved popularity all around the globe. But roller hockey history in America hasn’t been one long breakaway. In fact, roller hockey’s attractiveness has fallen and risen. In 1991, roller hockey turned pro with the establishment of Roller Hockey International, which consists of teams around the U.S. complete with talented local amateurs and retired ice hockey professionals. 

Different high-profile exhibition games at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, particularly though it was called “rink hockey,” gave the sport real exposure. By 1994, the RHI league had 24 teams. Since then, sadly, leagues have dropped teams faster than pre-fight gloves. Presently, roller hockey is still vastly played on both inline and quad skates and has popularity from Africa to Europe to the Americas.

Roller hockey, as stated, has been an exhibition sport at the Olympics and enjoys global participation in the Roller Hockey World Cup, luring competitive teams from Italy, England, France, Germany, Spain, Portugal, and Argentina. Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Argentina are the major powers. 

Roller Hockey Defined (Part I)

Play hockey on roller skates.

Roller hockey is a type of floor hockey played on a dry field with roller skates. Roller Hockey can be two types, the difference is the type of sticks and skates that are used. The customary roller hockey, which can be said to be rink hockey or quad hockey, is played with quad stakes. The inline hockey is played with inline skates.

There is another sort of roller hockey which is called skater hockey, this is played on both inline and quad skates.

Inline hockey is played by two teams with five players each (four skaters and one goalie). It is done on a dry rink. The rink is split by two halves. There’s a line down the center and one net at each side of the rink. Inline hockey is played in three periods (13 minutes each). If the game is a top standard game, then the periods are 20 minutes.

What is Roller Hockey?

Roller hockey, also called “quad hockey,” “inline hockey,” or “skater hockey,” started as a warm-weather substitute for ice hockey lovers. Currently, the sport has numerous variations and has a zealous following in practically every corner of the world. Though it doesn’t have the long history of some sports, folks have been lacing up their roller skates, happy for a little fast-paced competition, for over 125 years.

Roller hockey and ice hockey were possibly an outgrowth of the time-honored bat and ball games of field hockey, shinty, and hurling, all widely popular through the UK. Ice hockey started in Montreal, Canada by English soldiers in the 1850s. By the 1870s, McGill University students, also living in the Montreal area, had structured a set of rules for gameplay. Ice hockey is thought to have been first played in the US in 1893.

What is Floor Hockey? 

You play floor hockey inside.

Floor hockey is an expression used to denote a collection of indoor hockey sports which were resulting from numerous hockey codes. Five typical variations of the sport exist, of which three are founded on ice hockey, and two are built on the field or bandy hockey.

Floor Hockey is a team sport, like ice hockey, but played on a flat floor surface. Like hockey, players on each team try to shoot a puck into a goal with a stick.

All variants of floor hockey are played on wooden surfaces like that of basketball courts. Various sorts of sticks and skates, and a puck or ball are used for dissimilar variations. For all variants of the sport, the aim stays the same. Teams have to move the puck or ball towards the opponent’s goal and score lots of goals within the game.

Though variations of floor hockey vary in the number of players per team and the period of matches, there are some fundamental rules that are customary for all variations:

  • Face-off is used at the beginning of every period and to start play after every goal is scored.
  • Overtime play and penalty shootouts are utilized to determine a winner if the game is tied at the end of regulation time.
  • Huge infractions result in the offending player remaining out for two minutes. Minor violations result in a free hit.

Floor hockey was created in 1962 in Battle Creek, Michigan. Rules and regulations were developed to help turn the game into a sport. Floor Hockey is a sport that is separated from the original sport of ice hockey.  It is thought to be a well-liked sport with its own rules regulated by the NHL. The National Hockey League was established in 1917. Now, floor hockey is a game that is played indoors, being played in numerous gym classes.

Nutrition for Hockey Players (Part II)

Practice and Game Day Nutrition Guidelines: Breakfast

A balanced nutritional diet will keep your hockey player in top condition on the ice.

Breakfast Ideas:

Idea #1

1 whole-grain bagel

Peanut butter or natural cheese

1 banana

1-2 cups milk

Idea #2

1 cup oatmeal with brown sugar or honey

½ cup blueberries or strawberries

1-2 cups milk

Idea #3

2-egg omelet

2 slices of whole-wheat toast with margarine

Fresh orange or pear

1-2 cups milk

Practice and Game Day Nutrition Guidelines: Lunch

Lunch Ideas:

Idea #1

Turkey Sandwich

2 slices whole-grain bread

Lower-sodium turkey slices

Mustard, tomato, and lettuce

1 cup baby carrots and 2 Tbsp dressing to dip

1 orange

1 to 2 cups of milk

2 chocolate chip cookies

 

Lunch 2

Peanut Butter and Jelly Sandwich

2 slices whole-wheat bread

Peanut butter

Jelly or jam

Salad with dressing

1 banana

Yogurt

1-2 cups milk

Practice and Game Day Nutrition Guidelines:1 Hour Prior to Exercise

Light snack or fluids before competition such as:

½ cup yogurt

1 cup milk

2 crackers and peanut butter

2 cups of water

Practice and Game Day Nutrition Guidelines: Post-Exercise

Drink: chocolate milk, 100% fruit juice or diluted juice, smoothie, drinkable yogurt.

Don’t forget water! Sip down until no longer thirsty and then have a little more.

If your hockey player wants to eat, try:

Fruit with cottage cheese or yogurt

Cereal with milk

Cheese and crackers

Peanut butter or cheese sandwich

Trail mix

 

Practice and Game Day Nutrition Guidelines: Post-Game/Practice Dinner

Meat and Alternatives: Lean meats, fish or alternatives such as tofu, legumes, tempeh.

Grain Products: Whole grain rice, pasta, bread, cereals, quinoa, bulgur, barley, and couscous.

Vegetables and Fruits: To maximize nutrients from vegetables, try to have at least two different colors of vegetables at dinner. Have at least one serving of fruit. Change fruits throughout the week to get increased variety.

Nutrition for Hockey Players (Part I)

A solid game-day performance requires more than just practice. Your young hockey player will do well all day long with these crucial nutrition guidelines for hockey practices and games.

Everyday Training Guidelines

Maintaining a healthy diet while playing hockey will allow you to perform the best on the ice.

Focus on snacks and meals to give your hockey players the supreme shot at doing their best and meeting their development and growth needs.

Fuel up on carbs: Carbohydrate-rich foods offer the best fuel for growing, working, and active bodies.

What they are: fruits, vegetables, whole-grain bread, whole-grain foods (such as brown rice), milk and legumes (peas, beans, and lentils). In addition to being a slow-release carbohydrate, legumes are a great source of protein. Use them in stews, soups, tortillas, and other dishes.

Get the right amount of protein: Eating enough, but not huge amounts of, protein during the day helps kids do well academically and athletically. Also, protein helps build and repair tissues and sustain a strong immune system. Though, avoid the enticement of high-protein diets.

They won’t help athletic kids do better. In fact, these diets might cut energy tremendously. This is because carbohydrates are the body’s top source of fuel. Additionally, a high-protein diet could be dehydrating. Stick to protein sources like meats, fish, poultry, eggs, cheese, and tofu.

Some fat from healthy sources is needed to sustain good health. You can get healthy fats in canola oil, peanuts, and peanut butter, olive oil, walnuts, almonds, pecans, Brazil nuts, soy nuts, and fatty fish like salmon, sardines, herring, mackerel, char, and trout.

Don’t forget fluids. You need them to support all body functions.

Active children must meet their energy demands not to mention their growth and development needs. To do this, they must have three nutritionally balanced meals and three to four healthy snacks during the day.